Get to know the city and seek out its soul. Visit the art museums and the public places, join the organized city tours and see the historic sights and buildings.
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Trondheim has roughly 180 000 inhabitants and is growing fast. The Viking king Olav Tryggvasson founded the city in 997. It remained the capital for 200 years and was in 1152 chosen as the seat of the archbishop of Norway. The same year the first school in Norway, the Cathedral school, was established. The city soon developed into the major centre for trade and production in the region - a role it still maintains. Today Trondheim displays a rich variety of historical, traditional and modern wood architecture, especially within the urban context of its medieval centre.
The Nidaros Cathedral and The Archbishops Palace
The Nidaros Cathedral is generally known as one of the finest historical buildings in Scandinavia and no doubt its finest example of gothic architecture. Construction started around 1170 and was not fully completed before the west facade had received its last historical figure, early in the 21st century. Since the very beginning the cathedral has been a major destination for pilgrims, seeking to view the relics of St. Olav, Norway’s national saint.
The Archbishop’s Palace adjacent to the cathedral is one of the best preserved buildings of its kind in Europe. It is the oldest secular building in Scandinavia. Construction commenced in the second half of the 12th century and was the Archbishop’s residence until the reformation in 1537.
Stiftsgården (the Royal residence) and the areas Bakklandet and Møllenberg
Cecilie Christine von Schøller, the ambitious widow of the privy councilor of Trondheim, built Stiftsgården between 1774 and 1778. It is known as the largest wooden palais in Scandinavia. It was sold to the Norwegian State in 1800 and is today the official Royal residence in Trondheim.
The areas Bakklandet and Møllenberg are home to the largest undisrupted wooden building area in all the Nordic countries. The major part of the buildings date from the period before 1900. Bakklandet, which is located on the east side of Nidelven, has been undergoing a long and thorough redevelopment. Old buildings have been refurbished and many have been replaced with complete replicas. Here you will find enchanting cafes and restaurants, as well as many small exotic shops.
Along both sides of the Nidelven, the river encircling the medieval city centre, there are long rows of grand warehouses dating back to the 18th century. Many are in a condition of decay and are in a dire need of refurbishing and renewal.
Norway’s capital of technology
Trondheim is often referred to as Norway’s capital of technology and also as the student city of Norway, encompassing the Norwegian University for Natural Sciences (NTNU) with approximately 30 000 students.
Of all civil engineers educated in Norway, about 80 % have their training from Trondheim and many of our leaders within business, industry and in entrepreneurial enterprises have their education from Trondheim. The quality of this technological professional expertise is on a level that can compare with the highest international standards.
Fields of research and scientific activity include energy and environmental studies, medicine, maritime activity, production and development and Information and communication technology.
In the same area as the university we find SINTEF, Norway’s largest Independent foundation for research and innovation. Due to this very active, productive and fruitful milieu Trondheim stands out as one of the leading locations for innovation and development in Norway.